Braunschweig

Статьи с утверждениями без источников более 14 дней Википедия: And if I want to relax, I take a walk around the lakes around Braunschweig.

Braunschweig дореволюционные вещи

It is situated north of the Harz mountains at the furthest navigable point of the Oker river, which connects to уголки для книг металлические где купить North Sea via the rivers Braunschweiv and Weser.

A powerful and influential centre of commerce in medieval Germany, Braunschweig was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th until the 17th century. It was the capital city of three successive states: Today, Braunschweig is the second largest city in Lower Saxony and a major centre of scientific braunschweig and development.

Up to the 12th century, Braunschweig was ruled by the Saxon noble family of the Brunonidsthen, through marriage, it fell to the House of Welf. In Henry the Lion of the House of Welf became duke of Saxony and made Braunschweig the capital of his state which, from on, also included the Duchy of Bavaria. He turned Dankwarderode Castle, the residence of the counts of Brunswickinto his own Pfalz and developed the city further to represent his authority.

Blasius was built and he also had the statue of a lion, his heraldic animal, erected in front of the castle. Henry the Lion became so powerful that he dared to refuse military aid to the emperor Frederick I Barbarossawhich led to his banishment in Henry went into exile in England.

During the Middle Ages Braunschweig was an important center of trade, one of the economic and political centers in Northern Europe and a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th century to the middle of the 17th century. Influenced by the philosophy of the Enlightenmentdukes like Anthony Ulrich and Charles I became patrons of the arts and sciences.

In Charles I founded the Collegium Carolinumpredecessor of the Braunschweig University of Technologyand in he moved the ducal residence back to Braunschweig. With this he attracted poets and thinkers such as LessingLeisewitzand Jakob Mauvillon to his court and the city. Inthe city was captured by the French during the Napoleonic Wars and became part of braunschwig short-lived Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia in The exiled duke Frederick William raised a volunteer corps, the Black Brunswickersthat fought the French in several battles.

After the Congress of Vienna inBraunschweig was made capital of the reestablished independent Duchy of Brunswicklater a constituent state of the German Empire from His absolutist governing style had peviously alienated the nobility and bourgeoisiewhile the lower classes were disaffected by the bad economic situation.

During the night of 7—8 Septemberthe ducal palace in Braunschweig was stormed by an angry mob, set on fire and destroyed completely. During the 19th century, industrialisation caused a rapid growth of population in the city, eventually causing Braunschweig to be for the first time significantly enlarged beyond its medieval fortifications and the river Oker.

On 17—18 October, SA stormtroopers marched through the city, street fights between Nazis, socialists and communists left several dead or injured. Small sections of the city survived Allied bombing, and so remain to represent its distinctive architecture.

Politically, after the war, the Free State of Brunswick was dissolved by the Allied occupying authoritiesBraunschweig ceased to монеты царской россии и ссср a capital, and most of its lands were incorporated in the newly formed state of Lower Saxony. The city lost its historically strong economic ties to what was then East Germany ; for decades economic growth remained below and unemployment stayed above the West German average.

On 28 Februaryas part of a district reform in Lower Saxony, the rural district of Braunschweigwhich had surrounded the city, was disestablished. The major part of the former district was incorporated into the city of Braunschweig, increasing its population by roughly 52, people. In the s, efforts increased to reconstruct historic buildings that had been destroyed in the air raid.

As of [update]the population of Braunschweig wasIn91, people or Braunschweig is made up of 19 boroughs German: Stadtbezirke[54] which themselves may consist of several quarters German: Braunschwweig 19 boroughs, with their official numbers, are:. The council of the city is made up of the fractions of the different parties 54 seats nraunschweig the lord mayor, who is elected directly, with one seat.

Braunschweig is twinned with: City roads are generally wide, built after World War II to support the anticipated use of the automobile. There are several car parks in the city. Many residents travel around town by bicycle using an extensive system of bicycle-only lanes. The main train station includes a bicycle parking area.

The city is on the main rail line between Frankfurt and Berlin. First opened init has been modernized, including a 3. The municipally owned Braunschweiger Verkehrs-AG currently operates five tram lines and several bus lines. The tram lines are: Many other geographical locations around the world are named Brunswick, after the historical English name of Braunschweig.

Ironically, the city of Braunschweig was not ruled by the Hanoverians while its name was being given to other Brunswicks around the world. The Hanover line, being the last surviving line of the family, subsequently held the braunschweiig of the Duchy of Brunswick from November until November Braunschweig has been an important industrial area.

Stadt der Wissenschaft braunschwieg Braunschweig University of Technology German: With approximately 18, students, Braunschweig University of Technology is the third largest university in Lower Saxony. Also located in Braunschweig is the Martino-Katharineum German Wikipediaa secondary school founded in Inthe German weekly business news magazine Wirtschaftswoche ranked Braunschweig as one of the most dynamic economic spaces in all of Germany.

Braunschweig was one of the centres of the industrialization in Northern Germany. The fashion label NewYorkerthe publishing house Westermann VerlagNordzuckerVolkswagen Financial Services and Volkswagen Bank have their headquarters in the city as well as the Volkswagen utility vehicle holding.

Also two major optical companies were headquartered in Braunschweig: During the s and early s the computer companies Atari and Commodore International both had branches for development and production within the city. Braunschweig is the home of two piano companies, both known worldwide for the high quality of their instruments: Both companies braunschqeig founded in the 19th century.

Additionally Braunschweog Guitars is based in Braunschweig. Braunschweig is famous for Till Eulenspiegela medieval jester who played many practical jokes on its citizens. It also had many breweries, and still a very peculiar kind of beer is made called Mummefirst quoted ina malt-extract that was shipped all over the world. Braunschweiger Mettwurst magau, a soft, spreadable smoked pork sausage, is named after the city.

Other traditional local dishes include white asparagusBraunschweiger LebkuchenBraunkohl a variant of kale served with Bregenwurstand Uhlen un Apen Low German for " Owls and Guenons ", a pastry. Schoduvelbraunschwelg medieval Northern German form of carnival was celebrated in Braunschweig as early as the 13th century. An annual Weihnachtsmarkt Christmas market is held in late November and December on the Burgplatz in the centre of Rbaunschweig.

In the market hadvisitors. The State Museum of Brunswick Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum braunschseig, founded inhouses a permanent collection documenting the history of the Brunswick area ranging from its early history to the present. The State Natural History Museum is a zoology museum founded in Frequent exhibitions of contemporary art are also held 300 лет полиции россии the Art Society of Braunschweig German: Kunstverein Braunschweighoused in the Villa Salve Hospesa classicist villa built between and The Braunschweig Classix Festival was an annual classical music festival.

It is the largest promoter of classical music in the region and one of the most prominent music festivals in Lower Saxony. From toand again sincethe annual finals of the international breakdance competition Battle of the Year have been held at the Volkswagen Brwunschweig in Braunschweig.

Braunschweiger TSC is among the leading competitive formation dance teams in the world and has won multiple World and European championship titles. Founded inEintracht Braunschweig can look back on a long and chequered history. Eintracht Braunschweig won the German football championship inand currently plays in the braunschweit.

Bundesligathe second tier of German football, and attracts a large number of supporters. Braunschweig was also arguably the city in which the first ever game of football in Germany took place. The game had been brought to Germany by the local school teacher Konrad Kochalso the first to write down a German version of the rules of football[nb 1] who organized the first match between pupils from his school Martino-Katharineum in In the past, the club also had braunzchweig or second tier teams in the sports of ice hockeyfield handballand water polo.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the German city. For other uses, see Braunschweig disambiguation and Brunswick disambiguation. Location of Braunschweig within Lower Saxony. Altstadtmarktwith Old Town town hall left and Stechinelli-Haus. List of twin изготовление серебряных монет на заказ and sister cities in Germany.

List of people from Braunschweig. Hermann Blumenau —founder nraunschweig BlumenauBrazil. Theodore Steinway —piano makers [] Ludger Tom Ring the Younger —painter [] Friedrich Georg Weitsch —painter []. Retrieved August 16, Archived from the original on Braunschweig3rd edition, Braunschweig: Braunschweiger Stadtgeschichte in German. Braunschweiger Stadtlexikon in German 4th ed. Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon — Landeskunde des Herzogtums Braunschweig.

Die Sozialdemokratie im Land Braunschweig bis in German. Georg Braujschweig Verlag, pp. Kriegsgeschehen und Verluste im Zweiten Weltkriegin: Zwangsarbeit und Kriegswirtschaft im Lande Braunschweig — in German.

A number of well-known corporations operate in Braunschweig and the surrounding region, e.g. Intel, Volkswagen, Siemens. Wir über uns · Unsere Ziele & Werte · Partner & Förderer · Daten & Fakten · Stellenmarkt · Presse und Kommunikation · Studium · Studieninteressierte · Studierende · Studienangebot · International · Lehrveranstaltungen · Forschung · Projekte · Forschungszentren · Technologietransfer · Unternehmensgründung · Förderung. Braunschweig Tourism: TripAdvisor has reviews of Braunschweig Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Braunschweig resource.

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